Drug addiction is a disease that causes long term changes in the brain that's characterized by an uncontrollable urge to seek out and use drugs despite knowledge of all the harmful consequences. The harmful habits of people suffering from drug addiction come as a result of these changes inside the brain. It's also easy to relapse back into drug addiction. Relapse means going back after some time, to using the substance one had stopped using.
Drug dependency grows from a deliberate choice to take a substance. However, over time, it becomes increasingly difficult for the person not to do so. Looking for and taking the drugs gets to be distinctly compulsive. This unrelenting craving results from the effects of the drug on the brain over time. The parts of the brain that control reward and motivation, learning and memory, and self control are all significantly affected by addiction.
Addiction is a sickness that influences both the mind and conduct.
Is Drug Addiction Treatable?
Yes, yet it's not simple. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. Most patients need long haul or rehashed care to quit utilizing totally and recoup their lives.
The addicts must be assisted to achieve certain things through the treatment for addiction, and they include:
Stop taking drugs
stay drug free
Be a productive member of society, in the family, and at work
Standards Of Effective Treatment
In light of logical research since the mid-1970s, the accompanying key standards ought to frame the premise of any compelling treatment program:
Dependency is an intricate, but treatable illness which affects the functioning of the brain and behaviour.
There is no particular treatment that is fitting for all.
Treatment needs to be readily available.
Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
It is crucial to remain in treatment for a long enough amount of time.
The most common forms of treatment are behaviour therapies like counselling.
Behavioural therapies are often combined with medications, which are another important aspect of therapy.
As the patient's needs change, the treatment plan must be adapted to fit the requirements.
Mental illnesses associated with drug dependency need to be treated too.
The first step during treatment involves detoxification that is overseen by medical personnel.
For treatment to be successful, it does not need to be voluntary.
Drug usage amid treatment must be observed constantly.
People who use drugs easily contact communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and others and as such, they should be tested so that their treatment can be taken into account during rehabilitation.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
Rewarding treatment has a few stages:
detox (the process when the body cleanses itself of a substance)
medication (for tobacco, alcohol or opioid dependency)
Diagnosis and management mental illness associated with drug addiction such as hopelessness and nervousness
long haul follow-up to forestall backslide
Using a wide range of treatments tailored to the needs of the patient is a key to success.
Treatment ought to incorporate both therapeutic and emotional well-being services as required. Post-rehab support could involve the peer or family group therapy.
How Are Meds Utilised As A Part Of Drug Compulsion Treatment?
Meds can be utilized to oversee withdrawal manifestations, anticipate backslide and treat comorbid conditions.
Withdrawal Medicines help in decreasing withdrawal side effects amidst detoxification. Detoxification is not in itself "treatment," rather just the initial phase all the while. Patients normally go back to the use of drugs if their treatment is not continued after detoxification. As revealed by a study of treatment facilities, 80% of the cases of detoxification involved medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Preventing A Relapse The cravings for drugs can be lowered and normal brain functions restored in the patients with the help of medications. There are medications for the treatment of addictions to alcohol, tobacco/nicotine, and opioids, such as heroin or prescription pain pills. Drugs that can counter the effects of enhancing (uppers) like (cocaine, crystal meth) and cannabis (marijuana) are being developed by scientists. Treatment for every substance they have ever abused will be necessary for those that use multiple drugs.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Psychotherapy assists addicts to:
Change their conducts and practices linked with drug usage
develop life skills that are healthy
continue receiving medication and other types of treatment
Treatment is available to patients in many different types of locations which use various methods.
Outpatient behavioural treatment involves different programs designed for patients with an organised calendar of regular meetings with a counsellor for behavioural health. There are therapy sessions that a patient is alone with the counsellor and others that utilise group therapy, sometimes a patient may attend both types.
These programmes usually provide types of behavioural therapy like:
Cognitive behavioural therapy, which teaches patients how to recognize, avoid, and deal with any situation that will make them more likely to use drugs
Multidimensional family therapy, which is for teenage addicts and their families to understand all of the factors influencing the patterns of drug abuse and works on improving the family's ability to function
motivational interviewing, which gets most of the addicts disposed to work on their behaviour and commence treatment
Motivational incentives that work by positively reinforcing like rewards to help the patient's urge for drugs reduce
Initially, a patient will receive many hours of treatment and will have to frequently attend clinical sessions if they opted for the outpatient therapies. After the intensive treatment is complete, patients move on to regular outpatient treatment to help maintain their recovery by continuing to meet weekly but for fewer hours.
Patients dealing with complications caused by long time abuse of drugs may benefit greatly from inpatient also known as residential rehabilitation services. Residential treatment facilities are licensed to offer safe housing and medical attention plus around the clock structured and intensive care. At the inpatient rehab centres, various treatment procedures are employed all for the benefit of the patient to help them attain a drug-free life void of crime.
Benefits of taking an inpatient treatment programme:
A therapeutic community that is a very structured programme in which a patient stays at a residence, usually for 6 months to a year. The entire community, comprising treatment employees and patients in recovery, act as essential agents of change, affecting the patient's understanding, attitude, as well as conduct linked with substance use.
Shorter-term residential treatment, where detoxification is done and the patient prepared for community based treatment through preliminary intensive counselling.
Short term, supervised housing for patients called recovery housing is sometimes utilized after residential treatment. Recovery housing can assist a person to complete the changeover to an independent life-for example, assisting him/her learn how to tackle finances or look for a job, as well as linking them to the community's support services.
Challenges Of Re-Entry
Substance abuse alters the functioning of the brain, and several things can activate a craving for the substance within the brain. For everyone in treatment, but especially for those in an inpatient program or prison, it's essential to learn how to recognize, avoid, and handle any triggers they may encounter after treatment.