A sign is something other people, like a doctor, notice while a symptom is something that the patient describes. For example, drowsiness could be an indicator, but enlarged pupils are clues.
Drug addiction - when an individual is dependent on a substance, like a drug, nicotine or alcohol, he/she is unable to manage his/her use of that substance. He/she continues to use it, despite the fact that it may be harmful (the person may or may not be aware of the possible risk).
Drug addiction makes the body have a strong desire for the substance. It's possible that the addict wants to stop taking the substance but finds it really hard to do so on his or her own.
Personal circumstances, genetics, and the specific substance being used are all things that can determine how the signs and symptoms of abuse will manifest in an individual.
Some signs and symptoms of abuse could be:
The patient is unable to stop taking the said drug, for addiction to cigarettes, alcohol or a drug; they will have tried to stop on their own at some point and failed.
Reactions when trying to stop taking the drug, when the body has less of the substance than it is used to, it reacts, and the person can have physical pains and altered moods. There are urges, spells of moodiness, fits of rage, poor concentration, a feeling of being sad and empty, anger, resentment and frustration.
A sudden increase in appetite might happen. Another common symptom of withdrawal is insomnia. Some patients will have troubled bowel movements or running stomachs. With a few substances, withdrawal can trigger viciousness, trembling, seizures, fantasies and sweats.
Even with the knowledge that health problems exist, addiction continues - The person keeps taking the substance on a regular basis, even though negative health problems are becoming apparent. Example is a smoker not giving up smoking even when they have been diagnosed of a related heart or lung disease.
Social sacrifices happen as activities are given up because of the addiction. To give an example, an alcoholic might decline an invitation to spend a day on a boat or to go camping when no alcohol is at hand, a smoker might choose not to meet with friends in a pub/restaurant that prohibits smoking.
Keeping up a decent supply - individuals who are dependent on a substance will dependably ensure they have a good quantity of it, regardless of the possibility that they don't have much cash. Sacrifices might be made in other parts of their budget so they can make sure they always have their substance of choice.
Taking risks (1) - now and again the dependent individual ensure he/she can get his/her substance, for example, taking or exchanging sex for cash/drugs.
Taking risks (2) - whilst under the influence of certain drugs, addicts might participate in high-risk activities, like driving at high speeds.
Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
Obsession - a dependent individual may invest increasingly time and energy concentrating on methods for getting hold of their substance and sometimes how to utilise it.
Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
Denial - most people suffering from addiction refuse to admit it. They don't know (or decline to recognise) that they have an issue.
Excess consumption - in addictions involving alcohol and some substance, the addict uses in excess. The results of over-indulgence could be memory loss or physiological issues like respiratory infections or a chronic cough as experienced by chain smokers.
Dropping diversions and exercises - as the compulsion advances the individual may quit doing things he/she used to appreciate a considerable measure. This may even be the situation with smokers who discover they can't physically adapt to participating in their most loved game.
Having stashes - the dependent individual may have little supplies of their substance shrouded away in various parts of the house or auto; frequently in improbable spots.
Consuming a dose that is initially larger - this is typical with alcoholism. Huge volumes of drink may be taken at once in the bid to get high and enjoy the feeling.
Having issues with the law - this is progressively a normal for some drug and liquor addictions (not nicotine, for instance). This might be either on the grounds that the substance disables judgment and the individual goes for broke they would not take in the event that they were calm or with a specific end goal to get hold of the substance they overstep the law.
Money problems - if the drug is costly, the addicted person may neglect or cut down on other needs to afford it. Even cigarettes, which in a few nations, for example, the UK, parts of Europe and the UK cost over '11 for a pack of twenty; a 40-a-day smoker in such a territory should set aside '660 every month, almost '8,000 every year.
Relationship issues - these problems are more typical with alcohol or drug dependency.
A person, because they indulge in alcohol or drugs may exhibit some or all of the above symptoms and not be certified addicts, but they will not display any of the withdrawal symptoms or the associated craving.