Over Dependency on drugs and other ailments can be treated by changing the thinking mentality and emotions of a person and this is the core of cognitive behavioural therapy.
In the 1960s Dr. Aaron T. Beck founded a type of mental health counselling known as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
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Cognitive behavioural therapy helps people deal with dysfunctional thoughts and feelings and to recover from addiction.
Nowadays, CBT has become a common part of treating addictions. Patients undergoing CBT treatment are taught to recognize the triggers in their minds, emotions, and behaviour that lead to them taking the drugs. This makes it easy to work on recovery.
Some addiction patients also have other issues concurrently occurring with the addiction problems like:
ADD or Attention Deficit Disorder
OCD or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
The CBT centres are everywhere and you can attend anyone to get help today.
CBT recognizes that many behaviours and feeling are dangerous and make no sense. Our environment and experiences in the past may be the cause of these actions and behaviours.
Cognitive behavioural therapists work with patients to identify potentially thoughts that lead to self-destructive or unhealthy behaviours. Automatic thoughts are generally impulsive and often as a result of misconceptions and internal feelings of fear and self-doubt. The abuse of drugs or alcohol is in many cases an attempt to get rid of these negative thoughts.
Being able to isolate these feelings and emotions and recognize what brings them on empowers the addicted person to fight the addiction.
The pain caused by certain experiences may be lessened if these events are revisited often and addressed. The addicts then get a fresh opportunity to learn positive behaviours in order to replace their addiction for alcohol or drugs.
Use Of Cbt In Addiction Treatment
Over Dependency on the drugs is also associated with behaviours such as feeling sad and nervous and this are caused by the bad thoughts.
Someone is bound to start using drugs or be addicted to alcohol if they constantly have negative thoughts and feelings of depression.
Triggers are situations that can "trigger" cravings within the individual throughout the day and keep many people who could be addicted from improving to remain sober. As alleged by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, CBT helps people recovering from addictions deal with their triggers in three main ways.
Cbt Helps Patients To Get Past Drug Addiction And Alcoholism By
The false beliefs and insecurity issues that causes substance abuse can be resolved using CBT.
Providing DIY techniques to lift the patients' spirits.
CBT can show the recovering user how to communicate better.
Keys For Controlling Triggers
Know Them (recognize)
Know the things that create an urge to use drugs or alcohol.
Stay away from places and situations that make you want to drink or take the drugs.
Apply the CBT skills you have learned to sort through your thoughts and emotions to beat the urge to indulge.
Patients can well practice CBT techniques even at the places other than the therapist's office. CBT patients can use the techniques at home, office or join a support group.
The techniques of CBT are also being used in the SMART programs and other self help groups on addiction.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Practices
There are exercises peculiar to CBT-based treatment for addicted patients.
CBT methods that are important in treating addiction include:
Patients recovering from addiction review their automatic negative thoughts and search for solid evidence that proves and contradicts these thoughts.
For comparison purposes, you can even list the proof for and against these negative thoughts.
The aim is to help them think positive, productive thoughts.
For example, a person may think that a supervisor at work doesn't think highly of them. For that, I need to use alcohol to get over this feeling "can be changed to " I accept my mistake and will rectify it next time. If I learn from my mistakes and heed my manager's advice, she will appreciate it. I do not need alcohol to get a better feeling of myself.
These exercises are helpful in contrasting negative thoughts with the positive ones to understand which one is better effective for changing behaviour.
Where some people may respond to self-criticism, others may prefer self-kindness.
Behavioural experiments help individuals figure out whether they are self-motivators or self-critics.
Example "I'm likely to binge drink less if I am hard on myself during and after the binge drinking" vs. "I'll probably have fewer drinks if I am talking to myself kindly after the session of binge drinking."
Imagery Based Exposure
This exercise requires recovering addicts to think about a memory that can instigate powerful negative feelings.
They write down every experience at that moment including sight, sound, emotion, thought and the impulse of the moment.
The anxiousness caused by certain negative experiences can be lessened by going over these experiences over and over.
Example: A person revisits a traumatic event from their childhood. He recollects every information and feeling during that time. Eventually, repeatedly remembering this episode gives him less pain, and he doesn't feel the need to take drugs or drink alcohol to ease this pain.
Pleasant Activity Program
It is a technique that involves working out a list for the week to come, filling it with fun and healthy, activities; it helps a person break the monotony of everyday routine.
These are activities that are designed to elicit positive feelings and are usually easy to do.
Preparing these lovely exercises assists to low negative involuntary feelings and the ensuing desire to drink or abuse drugs.
Example: A financial advisor who works a lot, finds fifteen minutes every day to relax at his desk instead of drinking alcohol or using drugs at work. Instead, during this time he enjoys a song from the singer he likes very much.
How Cognitive-Behavioural Therapies Differ From Other Psychotherapies
As compared to some therapies which do not offer a set of engaging activities, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy will provide an hands-on alternative.
The addicts who are recovering can have an active session with their therapists who will be willing to listen not just passively. Both the therapist and the patient are actively involved in the therapy session and work together.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is based on action oriented, quick treatment. CBT has become a standard part of many long term rehab programs since they provide the patients with ways of coping.
It may takes years to see tangible results with most psychotherapy methods. Just sixteen sessions of CBT is often enough to obtain considerable improvement.
Due to it's highly adaptable nature, CBT is used in both private and group counselling and it is also used in residential and non-residential rehab programs. Numerous therapists and addiction treatment centres are commonly including CBT along with the recovery plans which are offered by them.